Macular degeneration, or MD, refers to a group of conditions that cause damage to the retina, the light sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. MD is usually associated with ageing, and is the leading cause of blindness in Australia, affecting one in three people over the age of 75.
There are two types of MD: wet and dry. Dry MD occurs when cells in the retina degenerate, leaving collections of deposits in the macula located at the centre of the retina. Dry MD usually causes gradual loss of vision, typically over many years, but if left undetected or untreated can lead to wet macular degeneration
Smoking is a major risk factor in the development of macular degeneration. It is also more common in people with a family history of MD. Early detection and treatment is important, as it can have a significant impact on prognosis.
Coastal Eye Centre offers the highest standard of expertise in the detection and treatment of macular degeneration.